Crochet Stitch Tutorials

How to Half Double Crochet Stitch

The Half Double Crochet stitch (abbreviated HDC) is one of the basic crochet stitches and is very easy to learn. It’s also one of the most common stitches in crochet and I love using it for winter crochet makes! In this Half Double Crochet stitch tutorial you will learn:


Difficulty: Easy / Beginner

Abbreviation: HDC (also Hdc or hdc)

Materials: any worsted weight or bulky yarn. You can use any type of yarn as long as you can see the stitches clearly. It might be easier to see the stitches in a lighter colour and bulkier yarn.

How to Half Double Crochet
How to Half Double Crochet

Crochet hook: 5mm H-8 (adjust the size of crochet hook to the type of yarn you’re using)

Follow the steps below or scroll down to watch the short video demonstration to learn how to half double crochet.

How to Half Double Crochet (US) Instructions:

  1. Yarn over
  2. Insert the hook in the specified stitch
  3. Yarn over
  4. Pull up a loop. You’ll have 3 loops on your hook
  5. Yarn over again
  6. Pull through all three loops on the hook

You just made a Half Double Crochet stitch! To make another half double crochet stitch follow the steps 1 to 6. To start a new row, chain 2 for the height (turning chain) and work a half double crochet in the first stitch.

Half double crochet example

Half Double Crochet Stitch Photo Tutorial

To start learning this stitch, you’ll need some yarn and a crochet hook. When you’re ready, follow the steps below or scroll down for the video demonstration.

Foundation Chain

In order to practise this crochet stitch first make a slip knot and chain any number of chains. For the purpose of practise let’s chain 20.

make a foundation chain

Step 1

Row 1: Yarn over the hook

yarn over the hook

Step 2

Insert your hook into the third chain from the hook

insert hook into third chain
insert hook into chain

Step 3

Yarn over again

yarn over the hook

Step 4

Pull through the stitch. You’ll have 3 loops on your hook now.

pull through the stitch

Step 5

Yarn over

yarn over again

Step 6

Pull through all three loops on your hook. That’s one Half Double Crochet.

half double crochet stitch

Repeat the steps 1 to 6 into the next chain stitch. Here is a snapshot of steps to make a HDC.

half double crochet instructions step by step

Continue to the end of the chain.

one row of half double crochet completed

How to Start a New Row

  • When starting the next row chain 2 and turn
start of row 2 half double crochets
  • Yarn over and insert your hook into the first stitch under both loops of the stitch.
first half double crochet in this row
insert hook under both loops
  • Complete the row working HDC into every stitch.
  • Make sure not to skip the very last stitch.
last half daouble crochet
row 2 completed

Note: You should have the same amount of stitches in each row.

Half Double Crochet Stitch Video Tutorial

Half Double Crochet – How to Change Colour

To start with a new colour in the next row we will have to switch to the new yarn in the middle of the last half double crochet stitch before the next row. Follow the steps below to learn how to change colour.

Start the last HDC in the row as normal.

  • Insert your hook in the last stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop. You’ll have 3 loops on your hook.
change colour instructions
  • Joining new colour: Loop new yarn over hook and pull up a loop to finalise the stitch with the new yarn.
join the new colour
  • Chain 2 with the new colour and turn.
chain 2 with the new colour
  • Continue with the new colour.
continut with new colour

Free Patterns with Half Double Crochet Stitches

If you like this stitch and would like to make something for winter or for your home – here are some of my easy and free patterns suitable for beginners.

And if you would like to challenge yourself a bit here is the popular Extra Thick Potholder – Half Double Crochet Thermal Stitch. This pattern also uses half double crochets but in a more advanced way. 🙂

I personally love the HDC stitch as it’s so versatile. What will you make using the half double crochet stitch?

I would love to see your projects! If you use any of my patterns – share it on Instagram and tag me @my_crochet_space.

half double crochet pin

More Crochet Stitch Tutorials

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