Crochet Tutorials

How to Half Double Crochet

Half Double Crochet (HDC) is a basic stitch and is very easy to learn. In this tutorial you will learn:

  • HDC step by step instructions
  • Photo tutorial of the stitch
  • How to start and finish a row
  • Video tutorial
  • How to change colour
  • Free patterns with HDC stitches
Half double crochet example

Difficulty: Easy

Abbreviation: HDC (also Hdc or hdc)

Follow the steps below or scroll down to watch the short video demonstration to learn this stitch.

Half Double Crochet Step by Step Instructions:

  1. Yarn over
  2. Insert hook in the specified stitch
  3. Yarn over
  4. Pull up a loop, you’ll have 3 loops on your hook
  5. Yarn over again
  6. Pull through all loops on the hook

Photo Tutorial

To start learning this stitch, you’ll need some yarn and a crochet hook. When you’re ready, take a look at the photo tutorial below or scroll down for the video demonstration.

How to Half Double Crochet


Yarn: any worsted weight or bulky yarn. You can use any type of yarn as long as you can see the stitches clearly. It might be easier to see the stitches in a lighter colour and bulkier yarn.

Crochet hook: 5mm H-8 (adjust the size to the type of yarn you’re using)

Foundation Chain

In order to practise this crochet stitch first make a slip knot and chain any number of chains. For the purpose of practise let’s chain 20.

make a foundation chain

Step 1

Row 1: Yarn over the hook

yarn over the hook

Step 2

Insert your hook into the third chain from the hook

insert hook into third chain
insert hook into chain

Step 3

Yarn over again

yarn over the hook

Step 4

Pull through the stitch. You’ll have 3 loops on your hook now.

pull through the stitch

Step 5

Yarn over

yarn over again

Step 6

Pull through all three loops on your hook. That’s one HDC.

half double crochet stitch

Repeat the steps 1 to 6 into the next chain stitch. Here is a snapshot of steps to make a HDC.

half double crochet instructions step by step

Continue to the end of the chain.

one row of half double crochet completed

How to Start and Finish a Row

  • When starting the next row chain 2 and turn
start of row 2 half double crochets
  • Yarn over and insert your hook into the first stitch under both loops of the stitch.
first half double crochet in this row
insert hook under both loops
  • Complete the row working HDC into every stitch.
  • Make sure not to skip the very last stitch.
last half daouble crochet
row 2 completed

Note: You should have the same amount of stitches in each row.

Half Double Crochet Video Tutorial

Half Double Crochet – How to Change Colour

To start with a new colour in the next row we will have to switch to the new yarn in the middle of the last stitch before the next row. Start the last HDC in the row as normal.

  • Insert your hook in the last stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop. You’ll have 3 loops on your hook.
change colour instructions
  • Joining new colour: Loop new yarn over hook and pull up a loop to finalise the stitch with the new yarn.
join the new colour
  • Chain 2 with the new colour and turn.
chain 2 with the new colour
  • Continue with the new colour.
continut with new colour

Free Patterns with Half Double Crochet Stitches

If you like this stitch and would like to make something for winter or for your home – here are some of my easy and free patterns suitable for beginners.

Ocean Breeze Crochet Scarf with Fringe

Ocean Breeze Crochet Headband

Twisted Ear Warmer / Winter Headband

Crochet Knit-Look Infinity Scarf

Crochet Simple Cup Cozy

And if you would like to challenge yourself a bit here is the popular Extra Thick Potholder – Half Double Crochet Thermal Stitch. This pattern also uses half double crochets but in a more advanced way. 🙂

I personally love the HDC stitch as it’s so versatile. What do you think of this stitch? And what will you make?

I would love to see your projects! If you use any of my patterns – share it on instagram and tag me @mycrochetspace1

half double crochet pin

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