Crochet Stitch Tutorials

How to Half Double Crochet (HDC)

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The Half Double Crochet stitch (HDC in US terms) is one of the basic crochet stitches and is very easy to learn. It’s also one of the most common stitches in crochet and is a favourite of mine for creating cozy winter projects.

The half double crochet (HDC) stitch is generally considered an easy stitch to learn, as it involves fewer steps than some other crochet stitches. It is a good choice for beginners who are just learning how to crochet, as it is, in my opinion, a little easier to work than a double crochet (DC) stitch.

The half double crochet (HDC) is a crochet stitch that is shorter than a double crochet (DC) stitch and taller than a single crochet (SC) stitch. To work a half double crochet, you will start by yarn over (YO) and inserting your hook into the designated stitch. Then, YO again and pull up a loop. You will have three loops on your hook. YO again and draw the yarn through all three loops on the hook to complete the stitch.

Scroll down to learn more about this stitch or jump right to the section you’re most intrested in. And don’t forget to check out the free and easy HDC crochet patterns at the end of this post for some practice! Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced crocheter, these patterns are sure to help you master the HDC stitch in no time.

Half Double Crochet Tutorial

Difficulty: Easy / Beginner

Abbreviation: HDC (also Hdc or hdc)

Materials: any worsted weight or bulky yarn. You can use any type of yarn as long as you can see the stitches clearly. It might be easier to see the stitches in a lighter colour and bulkier yarn.

Crochet hook: 5mm H-8 (adjust the size of the crochet hook to the type of yarn you’re using)

Follow the steps below or scroll down to watch the short video demonstration to learn how to half double crochet.

HDC Short Instructions:

  1. Yarn over
  2. Insert the hook in the specified stitch
  3. Yarn over
  4. Pull up a loop. You’ll have three loops on your hook
  5. Yarn over again
  6. Pull through all three loops on the hook

You just made a Half Double Crochet stitch! To make another half double crochet stitch follow steps 1 to 6. To start a new row, chain 2 for the height (also called a turning chain) and work a half double crochet in the first stitch.

Half double crochet example

HDC Stitch Step by Step with Photos

To start learning this stitch, you’ll need some yarn and a crochet hook. When you’re ready, follow the steps below or scroll down for the video demonstration.

Foundation Chain

In order to practise this crochet stitch, first make a slip knot and chain any number of chains. For the purpose of practice, let’s chain 20.

make a foundation chain

Step 1

Row 1: To start the first row, yarn over the hook

yarn over the hook

Step 2

Insert your hook into the third chain from the hook

insert hook into third chain
insert hook into chain

Step 3

Yarn over again

yarn over the hook

Step 4

Pull through the stitch. You’ll have three loops on your hook now.

pull through the stitch

Step 5

Yarn over

yarn over again

Step 6

Pull through all three loops on your hook. That’s one Half Double Crochet.

half double crochet stitch

Repeat steps 1 to 6 into the next chain stitch. Here is a snapshot of the steps to make a HDC.

half double crochet instructions step by step

Continue to the end of the chain to complete the first row of half double crochet stitches.

one row of half double crochet completed

HDC – How to Start a New Row (Row 2)

  • When starting the second row, chain 2 and turn. This is a turning chain, and its purpose is just to provide some height (in this case, it’s the height of a half double crochet stitch) in order to start the next row.
start of row 2 half double crochets
  • Yarn over and insert your hook into the first stitch under both loops of the stitch.
first half double crochet in this row
insert hook under both loops
  • Complete the row working HDC into every stitch.
  • Make sure not to skip the very last stitch.
last half daouble crochet

And here is what it should look like when two rows are completed, see picture below. Make sure to count the stitches in the first few rows, you should have the same amount of stitches in every row. Continue for as long as you like. To make a square, simply repeat the steps for row 2 until you are happy with the size!

row 2 completed

Overall, the half double crochet is a versatile and easy-to-learn crochet stitch that is great for a variety of projects. With a little practice, you will be able to master the HDC stitch in no time!

Half Double Crochet Stitch Video Tutorial

If you prefer video demonstrations, I’ve got you covered! Here is a video I made to show you how to work the half double crochet (HDC) stitch.

Half Double Crochet – How to Change Colour

To start with a new colour in the next row we will have to switch to the new yarn in the middle of the last half double crochet stitch before the next row. Follow the steps below to learn how to change colour.

Start the last HDC in the row as normal.

  • Insert your hook in the last stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop. You’ll have three loops on your hook.
change colour instructions
  • Joining new colour: Loop new yarn over the hook and pull up a loop to finalise the stitch with the new yarn.
join the new colour
  • Chain 2 with the new colour and turn.
chain 2 with the new colour
  • Continue with the new colour.
continut with new colour

Free Patterns with Half Double Crochet Stitches

The half double crochet stitch is a versatile crochet stitch that can be used to create a wide variety of projects. Some ideas for projects you can make using the HDC stitch include:

  • Blankets and afghans
  • Scarves and shawls
  • Hats and beanies
  • Sweaters and cardigans
  • Bags and purses
  • Pillows and cushions
  • Toys and stuffed animals
  • Doilies and lace patterns

The half double crochet (HDC) stitch is known for creating a fabric that has a super smooth drape and awesome stitch definition. It’s a great choice for projects that need a little extra height, but not as much as a double crochet provides. Plus, it works up pretty fast compared to other crochet stitches, so it’s a popular pick for projects that need to be finished fast.

The half double crochet stitch is super versatile and easy to work with, which makes it a top choice for a ton of winter crochet projects. Think blankets, scarves, hats – you name it! It’s especially great for keeping warm during the colder months because it creates a fabric that’s dense but still soft and cozy.

If you’re a fan of the half double crochet (HDC) stitch and are looking to create some cozy winter projects or home decor items, here are a few of my easy and free patterns that are suitable for beginners:

And if you would like to challenge yourself a bit, here is the popular Extra Thick Potholder – Half Double Crochet Thermal Stitch. This is an intermediate level pattern, as it requires a little more patience and attention to detail. This crochet potholder pattern also uses half double crochet stitches but in a more advanced way. 🙂

I’m a huge fan of the half double crochet (HDC) stitch because it’s so versatile and easy to work with. There are so many different projects you can make using this stitch – the possibilities are endless! What will you create using the HDC stitch?

I’d love to see what you create with the half double crochet stitch! If you use any of my HDC patterns, be sure to share your projects on Instagram and tag me @my_crochet_space. I can’t wait to see what you come up with!

half double crochet pin

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